The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) recently introduced guidelines set to transform the energy landscape for homeowners, predominantly those in low-to-moderate income brackets. These regulations will drive the establishment and execution of rebate programs, potentially bringing about a significant expansion in the home performance market.

Unveiling the HOMES and HEEHR Programs
In late July, the DOE unveiled guidelines for two pivotal rebate programs:

  • Home Efficiency Rebates Program (HOMES)
  • Home Electrification and Appliance Rebates Program (HEEHR)

Together, they’re forecasted to channel approximately $8.8 billion in rebates towards residential energy efficiency advancements.

Rebate Details and Market Implications
These rebates could cover up to a staggering $14,000 or the full improvement cost. The immense potential of these programs spells significant prospects for astute contractors. However, it’s also anticipated to invite fresh competition. Major retailers like Home Depot, Ace, and Lowes are explicitly recognized as instrumental partners in rolling out these programs.

ACCA’s Concerns on Quality and Training
The Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) expresses apprehensions about the potential pitfalls of these programs. The body fears that inexperienced installers might overshadow competent contractors. The consequence? Consumers might end up with inefficient systems, translating to escalated energy bills and diminished home comfort. Such scenarios would tarnish the industry’s reputation.

Thus, ACCA emphasizes prioritizing quality installations and contractor-led training. They’ve liaised with entities such as the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) and the Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (AHRI) to safeguard these interests.

The Way Forward for State Energy Offices
Post the DOE’s announcement, state energy offices face a January 2025 deadline to present their program designs. A majority of states are anticipated to submit their proposals within the upcoming 60-90 days. However, states like Florida might opt out of participation.

ACCA’s Advocacy Tools
The ACCA hasn’t remained passive; they’ve formulated two essential documents to bolster program quality:

  1. Guidelines for Residential Heat Pump Initiatives: A draft to enlighten states about the intricacies of heat pump system design.
  2. Quality Installation Certificates Proposal: This proposal underscores the significance of quality installation, facilitated through the measureQuick® app.

The Collaborative Endeavor
In collaboration with AHRI and NASEO, the ACCA is proactively engaging with state energy offices, making strides in advocating for contractor-friendly program designs.

DOE’s Emphasis on Consumer Protection
One silver lining is the DOE’s emphasis on consumer protection. The guidelines necessitate states to roll out a “Consumer Protection Plan” that mandates the establishment of minimum quality installation standards.

Potential Challenges Ahead
Yet, challenges persist. The DOE’s guidelines hint at possible inclusions in a “Community Benefits Plan”, encompassing provisions such as meeting or exceeding prevailing local wages.

ACCA’s Continuous Engagement
The ACCA remains actively involved, evaluating the new DOE guidelines and the related contractor training grants. For now, it’s crucial for contractors to manage customer expectations, as even proactive states might only roll out programs to consumers by 2024.

For further information, the ACCA’s IRA Resource Center offers exhaustive details on federal tax incentives available today for residential and commercial customers across all 50 states.


The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has released new guidelines for the HOMES and HEEHR rebate programs, aiming to offer $8.8 billion in rebates for residential energy efficiency improvements. The ACCA supports quality installations and is actively engaging with state energy offices to ensure high standards. However, potential challenges include meeting local wage provisions. While many states are expected to submit program designs soon, consumers might only see the programs in action by 2024. For current incentives, the ACCA’s IRA Resource Center provides detailed information.


HVAC Insider